Above photo used with Creative Commons license. The photo is by Randi Hausken at https://www.flickr.com/photos/randihausken/476694698/
Below blog describes the second and final part of our 2 part series on taking care of your puppy dog.
Refer to part 1 of this two blog series at Taking Care Of Your Puppy Dog- 28 Practical Tips- Part 1 of 2 (14 Tips)
Health of The Puppy
1. Newly brought puppy is stressed out. It is separated from mother and its littermates. Give it a some time to settle down in your home’s new environment. After that it is time to seek attention of a veterinarian.
2. Take your puppy to your veterinarian to get it dewormed. Get your puppy dewormed every 15 days till the age of 3 months, once every month from 3 to 6 months of age and thereafter every three months till its lifetime. Also ensure you deworm the dog at least 3 days before vaccination.
3. Along with deworming for gastro intestinal worms, ensure your puppy gets appropriate heartworm and lungworm preventive medication.
4. Your puppy needs to get the first dose of vaccination at the age of 42 days. This vaccine will protect your dog against parvovirus, distemper virus, parainfluenza virus, coronavirus and leptospirosis. These need to be followed by timely boosters and there needs to be an anti-rabies vaccine at the age of 3 months.
5. Keep all electronic gadgets such as mobile phones, charger etc out of puppy’s reach. These foreign bodies are very harmful for the puppy.
6. Potty training is very important. Puppy needs to be trained to have potty at your desired place only. Puppy normally passes stools 5 to 10 minutes after eating. Take your puppy to the desired place of potting. Do not forget to keep the previous stools wrapped in paper at the desired place of potting. The puppy will roam around and will relieve itself at the desired place after
7. Many times the dogs are allergic to disinfectants such as phenyl and Dettol. After wiping the floor with these disinfectants. Dogs have tendency to sleep on wet floors. Do not allow the puppy to sleep on wet floor.
8. If your dog shows signs like dullness and inactivity and also refuses to have food, take him to your veterinarian at once.
9. You are going out of station for longer duration and you cannot carry your pet along with you. You may need to leave your pet in kennel or dog hostel during such times. Ensure your dog is vaccinated with an intranasal vaccine against kennel cough and is also given anti-tick flea treatment, 48 hours before the pet is sent to dog hostel.
Above photo_ used with Creative Commons license. The photo is by John Talbot at https://www.flickr.com/photos/laserstars/3085294259/
Puppy Training And Grooming
Puppy training and grooming
10. For basic training to the puppy, a 3 and ½ month’s age is the best time. At this age, the basic course of vaccination is over, the puppy is at its best level of socialization and its grasping is also good at this age.
11. Daily grooming and brushing is very important for your puppy’s hair coat. For hairy breeds such as Golden Retriever, St. Bernard, a two way brush is recommended. For short hair breeds a simple flea comb will also do the job. Daily brushing wipes off the fallen off and dead hair. The brushing also increases the blood circulation to the skin and also stimulates the nervous system.
12. Daily exercise is also essential for the pet to remain healthy and energetic. Dog breeds such as Labrador Retriever are big eaters. Ensure such breeds get sufficient exercise else these breeds very easily put on weight. Diabetes and obesity are lifestyle diseases even among pets. A regular exercise regime and movement is very essential even for pets.
13. Take your pet to your veterinarian every three months for regular check-up. The best time is to combine routine deworming sessions with health check-up session. You may tend to miss certain health problems that your veterinarian will detect well in time.
14. Your dog is emotionally attached to you. Whenever you leave them at the kennel, the dog goes into depression. It may stop eating. So in case you want to leave your dog at the kennel for longer duration, make it familiar with the kennel environment. Leave the dog at the kennel for few hours a couple of times before long duration boarding.
With this blog we conclude the 2 blog series on taking care of your pet dog. Do let us know if you have any other inputs.
Happy Petting !!!
This bog is written by Dr. Ritesh Gawaskar. Dr. Ritesh is a practicing veterinarian from Pimple, Saudagar, Pune. He has been practicing since last five years.
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